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Examiner
  • Lynn Youngblood: Do those plants go together?

  • I have been gardening since I was knee-high to a grasshopper. I learned a lot about companion gardening, which is placing two or more plants close together and their proximity is beneficial.

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  • I have been gardening since I was knee-high to a grasshopper. I learned a lot about companion gardening, which is placing two or more plants close together and their proximity is beneficial.
    One of the most well-known companion plants is the marigold. The marigold is used in many garden settings for several reasons. As a companion plant, marigolds control a host of pests such as aphids, nematodes, squash bugs, thrips, tomato hornworms, white flies, cabbage loopers, Mexican bean beetles and cabbageworms. Marigolds work especially well near tomatoes, roses, strawberries and potatoes.
    Marigolds are a good deer, rabbit, and squirrel deterrent, and they attracts beneficial insects such as wasps and lacewings, which can pollinate your garden. Therefore, folks often plant marigolds around their gardens.
    Sheridan Nurseries mentions other flowers used for companion plantings:
    • Nasturtium (annual) – deters Colorado potato bug, squash bug and whitefly.
    • Artemisia (perennial) – deters slugs.
    • Perennial Yarrow – attracts ladybugs that consume masses of aphids.
    Many herbs make superb companion plants:
    • Peppermint – repels ants, white cabbage moth, aphids and flea beetle.
    • Garlic – discourages aphids, fleas, Japanese beetles and spider mites.
    • Perennial chives – repels aphids and spider mites. Chives are often planted among roses to keep aphids away and to resist the Black Spot disease.
    • Basil – drives away flies and mosquitoes.
    • Borage – deters that monster of vegetable garden insects, the tomato hornworm.
    • Rosemary and Sage – repels cabbage moth, bean beetles, and carrot flies.
    “Companion planting” includes planting vegetables beside each other for best insect-control results. Sheridan Nurseries’ suggestions:
    • Beans like celery and cucumbers, but dislike onions and fennel.
    • Beets are compatible with bush beans, lettuce, onions, kohlrabi, and most members of the cabbage family. Keep pole beans and mustard away from the above list.
    • Cabbage, celery, dill, onions, and potatoes are good companion plants. Dislikes include strawberries, tomatoes, and pole beans.
    • Carrots, lettuce, radish, onions, and tomatoes are friends. Dill isn’t, so plant it at the other end of the garden.
    • Corn prefers to be near pumpkins, peas, beans, cucumbers, and potatoes. Keep tomatoes away.
    • Cucumbers like sweet corn, peas, radishes, beans, and sunflowers. Dislikes include aromatic herbs and potatoes.
    • Lettuce grows especially well with onions. They are also compatible with strawberries, carrots, radishes, and cucumbers.
    • Onions can be planted near lettuce, beetroot, strawberries, and tomatoes but keep well away from peas and beans.
    • Peas, carrots, cucumbers, sweet corn, turnips, radishes, beans, potatoes, and aromatic herbs are good companions. Keep peas away from onions, garlic, leek, and shallots.
    • Radish grows well with beetroot, carrots, spinach, parsnip, cucumbers, and beans. Avoid planting near cabbage, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, broccoli, or turnips.
    Page 2 of 2 - • Squash can be planted with cucumbers and corn.
    • Tomatoes, carrots, onions, and parsley are good companion plants. Basil improves growth and flavor.
    Insects also play an important role in your garden. They may frighten you at first, but remember they are a gardener’s friend.
    Lynn Youngblood, former manager of Burr Oak Woods Nature Center in Blue Springs, can be reached at TheGreenSpace@sbcglobal.net.
     
     

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