Spring is an excellent time for bass fishing on smaller waters.

Spring is an excellent time for bass fishing on smaller waters.
Ponds and small lakes can offer some real excitement – the kind bass fishermen dream of.
A key to catching spring bass from ponds or small lakes is stealth. Big bass in smaller worlds are very sensitive to foreign sounds, shadows on the pond or other unnatural circumstances. That pond or lake is their world. They know when something is out of place or wrong.
Some anglers sneak around shorelines like they are sneaking up on a deer. They move in low, sometimes crawling to avoid presenting their huge shadow on the water. This may seem silly, but it will result in more bass caught.
Bass in shallow water will quickly spook at sudden shadows or anything different. They did not survive their world of eat or be eaten without being cautious. It is not uncommon to catch bass from smaller waters in areas you could wade in. They move into the shallow water in search of food.
Timing is another important factor. Late evening or early morning is normally good. Bass in ponds or smaller lakes begin feeding when the surface is darker. They are least likely to be active when a hot summer sun is beating directly down on their shallow world.
I have actually observed bass caught from the shadows of tree trunks. They moved behind slim tree shadows to avoid the sun’s intense light. Plastic worms were cast well beyond the shadow and slowly dragged back through the darkened area. The hits were light, but resulted in several bass caught.   
SUGGESTED LURES: Start by trying smaller lures. Bigger offerings will work, but smaller lures make less commotion. I like to start with a 6- to 7-inch plastic worm in purple or natural nightcrawler colors. Bass, especially in ponds, like either color. But always take a selection of colors and experiment until you start catching bass.
I seldom use weighted worms in the spring or summer because of moss. Again, a weightless worm will slowly settle down on the moss instead of in the middle where it becomes a mess on your lure.
Remember that bass spend a lot of their lives in thick cover like moss beds. This thick vegetation is cooler and a great place to ambush an unsuspecting baitfish, snake or other prey that happens past.
Spinners are just as effective when the water is open. I prefer to use inline spinners like the No. 2 Mepps with gold blade in smaller waters. The disadvantage is moss. But you can make the hooks weedless by attaching rubber bands to the treble hooks from point to shaft.
Safety-pin spinners are effective and some are made weedless. But if you cast into a bank of moss, prepare to reel in and remove a bunch of junk from your weedless lure. I especially like to work safety-pin spinners over and on brush or logs. Bass really slam the baitfish imitations when slowly moved over their hiding spots.
The best way to find out what lure works on the day you go fishing is to experiment. Bass will let you know what they want or don’t want by response. Don’t be afraid to give them a selection to choose from.